Soil microbes (bacteria and fungi) are essential for decomposing organic matter and recycling old plant material. Some soil bacteria and fungi form relationships with plant roots that provide important nutrients like nitrogen or phosphorus Chickpeas - and certain other legumes such as peanuts and soybeans - live in symbiosis with nodule bacteria, which improve nitrogen-poor soils and help maintain soil fertility. These bacteria also contribute to the synthesis of human and animal-important proteins in the plant without the need for expensive nitrogen fertilization Soil microorganisms represent a crucial element in the reaction of changing climates on agriculture through their various nutrient cycles and the sequestration of soil carbon. Changes in climate effect soil microbes in two ways, that is, directly such as through warming or drought, etc., and indirectly, for example, through elevated CO2
Microorganisms such as fungi, actinomycetes, bacteria, protozoa etc. and macro organisms such as earthworms, termites, insects etc. plays important role in the process of decomposition of organic matter and release of plant nutrients in soil . In fact, these organisms are accountable for the optimal performance of key soil functions The main importance of microbes in agriculture is the involve of microbes in nutrient transformation processes, such as- 1) Nitrogen cycling 2) Carbon cycling 3) Sulfur cycling and 4) Phosphorus cycling 5) Bio-fertilizers Above mentioned nutrients cycling in soil has been briefly discussed below. 2.1.1 Microorganisms in Nitrogen cycle Nitrogen the most important element that have been found allover in soil, water and air Soil microbiology is a huge missing link in today's agriculture. If used properly and with pre-characterized specificity for each individual field, intelligently applied microbial technologies have been shown to provide a quantum leap in plant growth and productivity
On the other side, the soil layers are significant for soil microbiology, soil fertility and different soil organic matter which is contaminated and polluted deliberately because of industrial and agricultural pollution Importance of microorganism in agriculture 1. Microbes in Agriculture Microbiology Course Instructor: Mohammad Manzur Sharif Sayeem. Presented by S. M. Jahid Mostofa ID: 2015-1-77-033 2. What is microbes? Microbes, or microorganisms are minute living things that are usually unable to be viewed with the naked eye. Bacteria, fungi, protozoa. Microbes are everywhere. They are in the air, in the rivers and oceans, in our drinking water, in the soil, and on our skin. Of course we know some microbes are bad, like e. coli and salmonella, but more are considered beneficial and out-compete pathogens for survival in the soil Billions of microorganisms in the complex plant ecosystem play a vital role in the growth and health of plants. Microbial biostimulants boost crop productivity, nutrient uptake and resistance against pests and abiotic stresses
In addition to fertility, soil microorganisms also play essential roles in the nutrient cycles that are fundamentally important to life on the planet. In the past, agricultural practices have failed to promote healthy populations of microorganisms, limiting production yields and threatening sustainability Agricultural microbiology is a branch of microbiology dealing with plant-associated microbes and plant and animal diseases. It also deals with the microbiology of soil fertility, such as microbial degradation of organic matter and soil nutrient transformations Importance Of Agricultural Microbiology. Agricultural microbiology is a branch of microbiology dealing with plant-associated microbes and plant and animal diseases. It also deals with the microbiology of soil fertility, such as microbial degradation of organic matter and soil nutrient transformations. Agricultural microbiology is a scientific. Agricultural Microbiology 7 Leeuwenhoek microscopes were crude, relied on a single lens held in a metal plate. Leeuwenhoek described many previously unseen life forms, including different forms of bacteria, mold spores, etc. Leeuwenhoek reported discoveries to Royal Society from 1670's on, firmly established existence of microbes
Fungi are an important part of the microbial ecology. The majority of fungi decompose the lignin and the hard-to-digest soil organic matter, but some fungi consume simple sugars. Fungi dominate in low pH or slightly acidic soils where soils tend to be undisturbed (Lavelle & Spain, 2005). Fungi break down the organic residues so that many different types of microbes can start to decompose and. Soil microorganisms have had another direct importance for humans: they are the source of most of the antibiotic medicines we use to fight diseases. Bacteria They are found inside the digestive systems of animals, in the ocean and freshwater, in air, and certainly in compost piles (even at temperatures over 130 degrees Fahrenheit) and in soils Bacteria perform important functions in the soil, decomposing organic residues from enzymes released into the soil. Ingham (2009) describes the four major soil bacteria functional groups as decomposers, mutualists, pathogens and lithotrophs. Each functional bacteria group plays a role in recycling soil nutrients Introduction The Interconnection of Plants with Soil Microbes. Although plant physiologists sometimes view soil as simply a source of nutrients to plants, it is actually a complex ecosystem hosting bacteria, fungi, protists, and animals (Bonkowski et al., 2009; Muller et al., 2016).Plants exhibit a diverse array of interactions with these soil-dwelling organisms, which span the full range of.
Therefore small changes in the soil carbon cycle could have large impacts on atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Here we discuss the role of soil microbes in the global carbon cycle and review the main methods that have been used to identify the microorganisms responsible for the processing of plant photosynthetic carbon inputs to soil Protozoa and Bacteria: Protozoa are very small one-celled creatures. They play an important role in helping to make the soil better by feeding on bacteria and releasing excess nitrogen, which is really good for plants. Bacteria are among the tiniest and most numerous organisms in the soil SOIL MICROBES AND AGRICULTURE - KBS LTER scientists found that soil microbial diversity is not much affected by land management, except for those groups of microbes involved in specific metabolic processes such as the production and consumption of the important greenhouse gases methane and nitrous oxide Soil Microbes Key to the function of agricultural systems. Dr. Kristine Nichols was the Chief Scientist at the Rodale Institute, an independent research institute for organic farming, from 2014 to 2017. Her training and research focus on the microbes living in soil and how to make soil more productive. The Rodale Institute was founded in.
maceutical industries. Microorganisms have the potential to be more en-vironmentally compatible than many chemicals used in agriculture. In- oculant practices may play an important role for sustainable agriculture. These incentives induced some large chemical, agricultural and pharma-ceutical companies to initiate inoculant research programs Importance of living organisms found in the soil to an agricultural farmer. what organisms are very useful in any way especially in soil formation and improving the soil for the growth of crops. Some of this effect of soil organisms to agriculture is listed in this wa
The use of effective microorganisms in agricultural soil not only suppresses soil-borne pathogens but also increases the decomposition of organic materials and consequently the availability of mineral nutrients and important organic compounds to plants (Singh et al., 2003). Introduction of a population of beneficial bacteria in the soil ha Importance of soil microbes on panchagavya based fertilizer for sustainable agriculture: A review Sumit Pal and Neelam Patel Abstract Panchagavya is an organic formulation prepared from milk, curd, cow ghee, cow urine, cow dung, and other optional ingredients. Panchagavya also contains plant growth regulatory substances such as indol Natural Resources Conservation Service, The Heart of Soil: The Importance of Soil Health Principles: An examination of healthy soil's role in sustainable agriculture. Soil Science Society of America, Soil Basics: A deep dive into soil: what it is, its different types, and its function
3. Severe soil erosion removes the potential energy source for soil microbes, resulting in the death of the microbial population and thus of the soil itself. 15 4. Clearance of primary forests often leads to rapid mineralization of organic matter. This sandy soil used to sustain a tropical forest. 16 5 Soil is the primary nitrogen source for plants, and given that nitrogen is required for human health, nitrate is an essential nutrient; however, because of its importance plants can quickly diminish nitrate concentrations in soil. For production agriculture to succeed, the nitrogen consumed has to be replaced frequently, and this is usually. Roles Of Microbes In Agriculture. 1079 Words5 Pages. Agriculture is one of the earliest profitable sector for the mankind, which depends majorly on fertile soil and stable environmental conditions. It has great impact on the ecological balance, biological diversity, water as well as soil quality, etc. As discussed earlier, microbes plays.
Rebuilding soil microbiomes in high-tunnel agricultural systems focus of study. by Amy Duke, Pennsylvania State University. Research conducted by microbial ecologists in Penn State's College of. 2. Supports soil microbes. Soil provides support for the survival of many bacteria, algae, fungi, etc. The Soil microbiology helps in environmental balance like retaining of moisture, the decay of dead bodies of animals, plants, etc. These bacteria, fungi, and other microbes present help in scavenging waste and other toxic chemicals, including. Agricultural microbiology is a field of study concerned with plant-associated microbes. It aims to address problems in agricultural practices usually caused by a lack of biodiversity in microbial communities. This partially explains the importance of symbiotic soil microbes in their supportive roles of promoting crop health, growth, and. Bacteria from all four groups perform important services related to water dynamics, nutrient cycling, and disease suppression. Some bacteria affect water movement by producing substances that help bind soil particles into small aggregates (those with diameters of 1/10,000-1/100 of an inch or 2-200µm)
Agricultural Microbiology. Agricultural microbiology is a branch of science that studies different microorganisms that are associated with plants, soil fertility, and even animal diseases. The microorganisms associated with plants include organisms of different groups like bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes, and protozoa In agricultural fields, soil structure is disturbed by tillage, liming, crop rotation, and other human activities. Thus, while the role of microorganisms in soil structure stabilization is important, there are many disturbances to the soil in agricultural land, and this reduces the influence of microbes in the process of soil aggregation in all. Rhizosphere microorganisms towards soil sustainability and nutrient acquisition.- PGPR: Heart of Soil and their Role in Soil Fertility.- Strength of microbes in nutrient cycling: a key to soil health.- Quorum sensing in plant microbe interaction.- Horizontal gene transfer in soil and the rhizosphere: Impact on ecological fitness of bacteria. If the soil is low in nitrogen, then just add some ammonium nitrate and you are good to go. While this method offers a quick (and needed) solution to the immediate nutrient deficiency, it doesn't take into consideration the complex biology of bacteria, nematodes, fungi and other microbes in the soil that play a role in nutrient cycling They are important to release nutrients immobilized by soil microorganisms. Nematodes. Nematodes are tiny filiform roundworms that are common in soils everywhere. They may be free-living in soil water films; beneficial for agriculture or phytoparasitic (Figure A1.3), and live at the surface or within the living roots (parasites)
In addition to bacteria and fungi, the soil is also filled with protozoa, nematodes, mites, and microarthropods. There can be 10,000 to 50,000 species in less than a teaspoon of soil. In that same. Actinomycetes are aerobic, spore forming gram-positive bacteria, belonging to the order actinomycetales characterized with substrate and aerial mycelium growth. They are the most abundant organisms that form thread-like filaments in the soil and are responsible for characteristically earthy smell
25 Reasons To Be Grateful For Soil: Why Soil Is Important By Kaitlyn Ersek on Nov 17, 2020 2:11:30 PM This Thanksgiving Season, our team takes a few minutes to pause and reflect on why we are grateful for soils, and specifically why healthy soils are so crucial to our future - whether or not you are in the agriculture and turfgrass industries Agricultural microbiology. Agricultural microbiology is a branch of microbiology dealing with plant-associated microbes and plant and animal diseases. It also deals with the microbiology of soil fertility, such as microbial degradation of organic matter and soil nutrient transformations Importance of soil microbiology: Soil microbiology is very important to maintain soil structure and nature. The layers of soil which have microbes support the growth of plants due to more water and fertility. Microbes in soil keep up water, the earth having microbes has higher water holding capacity The findings drive home the importance of understanding the role of soil microbes in making agriculture more productive and sustainable, adds Corné Pieterse, a plant biologist at Utrecht.
9. Importance of Microbiology in Agriculture: Microorganisms help in decomposing toxic compounds in agricultural soil preventing toxic accumulation in the soil. Thus it helps in increasing the fertility of the soil. Microorganisms (e.g. Blue-green algae) play an important role in nitrogen fixation Another important disadvantage of insufficient aeration is higher crop susceptibility to pathogens and root-rotting fungi, in particular. Correspondingly, aeration becomes an effective prevention technique, decreasing crop and tree disease risks. The aforementioned factors reveal different perspectives of soil aeration importance Advantages of Organic Fertilizer for Agriculture and Farming: Organic fertilizers offer a well-balanced blend of nutrients essential for the important microorganisms and earthworms living in the soil. Organic fertilizer for soil works longer than synthetic fertilizer. It is ecologically and environmentally safe and non-toxic in nature Protozoa play an important role in nutrient cycling by feeding intensively on bacteria. Notice the size of the speck-like bacteria next to the oval protozoa and large, angular sand particle. Credit: Elaine R. Ingham. P lease contact the Soil and Water Conservation Society at firstname.lastname@example.org for assistance with copyrighted (credited) images Rhizosphere: Characteristics, Microbiology and Importance. The rhizosphere is the zone of soil that surrounds a root of a plant. Both biology and soil chemistry are influenced by this root. This area is approximately 1 mm wide and has no defined edge, it is an area influenced by compounds exuded by the root and by microorganisms that feed on.
Soil microbiology is the study of microorganisms in soil, their functions, and how they affect soil properties.It is believed that between two and four billion years ago, the first ancient bacteria and microorganisms came about on Earth's oceans. These bacteria could fix nitrogen, in time multiplied, and as a result released oxygen into the atmosphere.. Microorganism plays very important role in agriculture because the soil microbes (bacteria and fungi) are essential for decomposing organic matter and recycling old plant material.Some soil bacteria and fungi form relationships with plant roots that provide important nutrients like nitrogen or phosphorus. Although soil organisms comprise <1% of the total mass of a soil, they have a vital role. Soil-dwelling microorganisms are critical components of soil health, itself a determinant of plant productivity and stress tolerance. Deploying microbes to improve agriculture productivity is an extremely attractive approach that is non-transgenic and can be viewed collectively as the extended plant genome If soil isn't full of microorganisms and bacteria, then plants can't put carbon back into the soil. This is the problem that much of the earth's soil is facing; it lacks essential microorganisms and bacteria that have been eradicated in large part due to modern agricultural practices
. Soil bacteria play an important role in liberating plant-available nutrients from these organic amendments and minimize the need for chemical fertilizers. Additionally, soil bacteria may help support conservation practices such as native plantings used as filter strips (Kardol and Wardle, 2010) Most of the papers concern the nature of the microbiological factors. They support the role, over and over again, of soil microorganisms. They emphasize the interactions between these microbial factors in aggregation and reveal the importance of complex systems with more than one agent and one process Soil bacteria have been used in crop production for decades. The main functions of these bacteria (Davison R. Hayat (*): S. Ali: U. Amara: R. Khalid Department of Soil Science & SWC, PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi 46300, Pakistan e-mail: email@example.com I. Ahmed Plant Biotechnology Program, National Agricultural Research Centre. A healthy mix of soil microorganisms contributes to more efficient breakdown of organic matter and a healthier population of beneficial soil fungi. This results in soils that are more fertile, have greater water retention capability and are less susceptible to erosion — all significant factors for improved agricultural productivity and.
Unlike the other soil microorganisms, most bacteria prefer nutrient-rich soils of neutral or slightly alkaline pH and a close C/N-ratio. Positive effects of Bacteria in Soil. Bacteria are an important part of the biotic component of soil as they are responsible for numerous physiological activities occurring in the soil Soil pH and carbon content ranged from 5·5 to 8·4 (soils A and B) and 1·2 vs. 2·1% (soils A and C), respectively. Using soil with a wide range of soil properties (i.e. chemical and biological) is essential to distinguish the role and the relative importance of abiotic and biotic factors in driving ecosystem functions Maintaining a soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0 is recommended for most crop rotations that include vegetable crops. A large number of vegetables grow well in that range as most of the nutrients are easily available. Crops such as asparagus, brassicas, garlic, onions, and spinach are crops that are sensitive to low pH, requiring pH maintenance above 6.5 Lesson: Importance of Soil Assignment: Choose one of the topics below and research it. Write a report on your findings that answers the question or explains the concept and shows why it is relevant to your life. 1. Define soil and explain how it is developed. 2. Describe the functions of soil. 3. Specify the importance of soil to the lives of. 104 to 105 g-1 of soil due to lack of organic matter and presence of antagonistic microorganisms in soil. The bacterium produces anti-fungal antibiotics which inhibits the growth of several pathogenic fungi in the root region thereby preventing seedling mortality to a certain extent. The population of Azotobacter i
5. Biological System of the Soil or Soil Microorganisms: Organisms present in the soils are called soil organisms. Important group of soil organisms are given below (Fig. 21.4). Many of these soil organisms are stable, many are mobile, but some are held in the colloidal films of the soil particles Agricultural pesticides (herbicides, insecticides and fungicides) are degraded in the soil principally by the action of microorganisms, a process termed biodegradation, where biodegradation is defined as the breakdown of a substance to smaller products caused by microorganisms or their enzymes In agriculture, microorganisms are essential for maintaining good soil health, and for promoting sustainable crop production; the soil microorganisms include archaea, bacteria, protozoa, algae, fungi, oomycetes and are all present in a rich ecosystem in which they interact amongst them and with the plant roots forming a complex network Bacteria are the smallest and most numerous microorganisms in the soil. They make an important contribution to organic matter decomposition, nitrogen fixation and the transformation of nitrogen and sulphur. The fungi and actinomycetes contribute beneficially to organic matter decomposition
Even though soil organisms play a crucial role in boosting food production, enhancing nutritious diets, preserving human health, and combating climate change, the real contribution of these tiny life forms remains largely underestimated, the UN agriculture agency (FAO) said on Friday Soil microorganisms, fungi and bacteria, critical to soil health, also benefit from no-till practices. When soil is left undisturbed, beneficial soil organisms can establish their communities and feed off of the soil's organic matter. A healthy soil biome is important for nutrient cycling and suppressing plant diseases Functional soil is a soil embedded with organic matter and soil microbes that work together to hold onto nutrients in the soil and convert nutrients locked in the soil. Beneficial soil microbes form symbiotic relationships with the plant. In fact, the plant will exert as much as 30% of its energy to the root zone to make food for microbes Soil bacteria are very important in biogeochemical cycles and have been used for crop production for decades. Plant-bacterial interactions in the rhizosphere are the determinants of plant health and soil fertility. Free-living soil bacteria beneficial to plant growth, usually referred to as plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), are capable of promoting plant growth by colonizing the.
Industrial Agriculture Kills Soil. Unfortunately, Ingham says, the chemicals we use in our industrial food system (which features monocrops of corn, soy and other food plants) wipe out soil organisms. This can happen even in places that have highly fertile soils, such as parts of New Jersey and Michigan, which store a lot of rich organic matter right down with the plant roots 4 MICROORGANISMS AND SOIL FERTILITY food for the worms and that certain enzymes, especially cellulase and chitinase, may be produced by organisms living in the intestine. Since 1837 when Charles Darwin wrote his first paper on the effects of earthworm activity, important influences on the soil have been recognized. It has been demon The Biological Component of Soil Health: Measuring it and Harnessing it The Important Role of Microbes in Agricultural Systems Biological soil health largely focuses on the im-portant roles that microbes (bacteria and fun-gi) play. Soil microbes are manipulators of their environment, and so the crop's environ-ment Importance of dead microbes as composing a large fraction of soil organic matter Importance of soil organic matter for soil structure and as a source of plant nutrients Soil food web: the network of connections between different types of organisms that live in the soil, as described by transfers of energy and nutrients as one organism eats anothe Principle: This basic technique used for bacteria (and other microorganisms like fungi) especially from soil, helps in obtaining isolated colonies where dilutions prevent crowding of colonies. Requirements: 1. Soil samples and sieve (2 mm pore). 2. Water blanks - 99 ml and 9 ml. 3. Pipettes (5 ml graduated)
Soil fertility is the inherent capacity of soil to supply plant nutrients in sufficient amount and appropriate proportion & free from toxic substances. Soil productivity is the ability of the soil to produce crop / unit area. Therefore a fertile soil could or could not be productive depending upon crops, marketing condition & many other factors (excessive acidity / alkalinity, presence of. The study was published in Soil Science Society of America Journal. We think our findings can be an important component of sustainable agriculture in the region, says Fatima Maria de Souza Moreira, co-author of the new study. Microbes are often added to seeds or to the soil when preparing for planting bean crops Scientists at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill are studying how microbes in the soil, like bacteria and fungi, interact with a plant in ways t.. Soil is an excellent primary habitat for nematodes. Due to microscopic nature of most nematodes, 100 grams of soil contains several thousands of nematodes. In soil most of the nematodes exhibit role with agriculture significance and those nematodes are plant parasite nematodes as well as free soil nematodes Taken together, the two volumes address the fundamentals, applications, research trends and new prospects of agricultural sustainability. Volume one consists of two sections, with the first addressing the role of microbes in sustainability, and the second exploring beneficial soil microbe interaction in several economically important crops
Several articles published in Acres U.S.A. within the past decade illustrate how eco-agriculture embodies soil health, which is an inherent benefit of this production system. In a series of articles from 2012 to 2015, Gary Zimmer focused on the importance of mineral nutrition for both plants and soil microorganisms for improved soil health ADVERTISEMENTS: The benefits done by bacteria to the agriculture and industries are listed below: 1. Agriculture: Many species of saprophytic and symbiotic bacteria add to the fertility of the soil and provide nitrogen to the plants. ADVERTISEMENTS: (a) Ammonifying bacteria: Bacillus subtilis, B. mycoides, B. ramosus, etc., act upon the dead animal and plant tissues [ The economic importance of fungi refers to both the advantages and disadvantages of fungi. Fungi are one of the most important microorganisms in our environment. The play a number of important roles in medicine and in commercial agriculture. The uses of fungi are numerous The Importance of Soil Health for Residential Landscapes. 1. The purpose of this fact sheet is to educate home gardeners, residential landscape professionals, and employees caring for green areas, including golf courses, about the importance of soil health and practices for achieving healthy soil. Gardeners and landscapers are all very aware of.
The importance of bacteria in soil Benefits of Effective Microorganisms (EM) for Water, Soils \u0026 Crops NPK-University Soil Microbiology With Harley Smith Fascinating Microbe Farmers EM Microbial solution to save the earth Enzymes in Industry Effectiv Which makes it less fertile for crop growth. As well as, it also kills the beneficial microorganisms that are present below the soil surface. Prevents air pollution. A lot of wastes like corn stalk, wheat straw, prunings, etc gets generated in agricultural activities Bio-fertilizer has been identified as an alternative for increasing soil fertility and crop production in sustainable farming. The exploitation of beneficial microbes as bio-fertilizers has become of paramount importance in agricultural sector due to their potential role in food safety and sustainable crop production
Soil bacteria and fungi also work in tandem to make minerals in the ground water-soluble. And if they're soluble, a plant can suck them up with its roots, explains David Montgomery, a professor of earth and space sciences at the University of Washington in Seattle, and coauthor of The Hidden Half of Nature, about the soil microbiome Agriculturally Important Microbes for Sustainable Agriculture: Volume I: Plant-soil-microbe nexus - Ebook written by Vijay Singh Meena, Pankaj Kumar Mishra, Jaideep Kumar Bisht, Arunava Pattanayak. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Agriculturally Important Microbes for. . Soil biota also accelerates the decomposition rate by producing di erent enzymes that inﬂuence plant nutrients kinetics in the soil . Soil microorganisms (mostly, bacteria and fungi) can transform N between organic and inorganic forms, which in turn inﬂuences plant minerals uptake, composition, and.
Soil bacteria and fungi are encouraged by ground cover and organic matter inputs. Populations of soil bacteria change rapidly depending on moisture, time of year, type of crop, stubble management, etc. Soil fungi are slower to develop, and are strongly set back by cultivation. Soil bacteria. Bacteria are the most abundant microbes in the soil. .com Vermicomposting is the process by which worms are used to convert organic materials (usually wastes) into a humus-like material known as vermicompost Days related to Agriculture. Here is a glimpse of the days that are of significance to everybody related, directly or indirectly, to crop farming, animal husbandry, poultry, milk production, agriculture processing, environment, and other aspects of agriculture, even saving the planet
Absent carbon and critical microbes, soil becomes mere dirt, a process of deterioration that's been rampant around the globe. Many scientists say that regenerative agricultural practices can turn back the carbon clock, reducing atmospheric CO2 while also boosting soil productivity and increasing resilience to floods and drought.Such regenerative techniques include planting fields year-round. Soil organism, any organism inhabiting the soil during part or all of its life. Soil organisms, which range in size from microscopic cells that digest decaying organic material to small mammals that live primarily on other soil organisms, play an important role in maintaining fertility, structure, drainage, and aeration of soil. They also break down plant and animal tissues, releasing stored. Agricultural chemistry is related to both chemical and biological sciences in its aims, processes, and research topics. It is also closely linked to soil science, forestry, meteorology, plant and biochemistry, agricultural microbiology, physics and chemistry The importance of soil air-. Growth and development of plant and its parts - the growth of plants are fully dependent on the soil and its physical, chemical, and biological properties. Poorly aerated soil can harm the plant and its root development. Water and nutrient absorption will be affected due to poor development of root The role of bacteria as biofertilizers is that it helps in restoring the soil's organic matter and the natural cycle regulates. The role of microbes in biofertilizers assists in healthy plant growth and the soil value increases. Biofertilizers give you an eco-friendly way to sustain your crops and promote organic agriculture The role of microorganisms is seen as a little understood, and certainly not as important as climate, geography and soil chemistry. Traditionally, soils are classified on 3 dimensions: The nature of the parent material (granite, limestone, basalt etc.