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Examples of pesticide resistance

How Pesticide Resistance Develops - Grape

Resistance -- a working definition: There are as many definitions of resistance as there are pesticide products, but a good working definition that we will use here is: Resistance occurs when pests survive doses of the pesticide which would normally be lethal. This is due to a genetic change in the pest population that is caused by exposure t Recorded examples of pesticide resistance in insects and mites attacking peaches are given in Table 5. Practically all major pests have developed resistance to one or more compounds. The oriental fruit moth, Grapholitha molesta, in the United States became resistant to DDT in 1958, but so far no other cases have been reported Every time chemicals are sprayed on a lawn to kill weeds or ants for example, a few naturally resistant members of the targeted population survive and create a new generation of pests that are.. Pesticide resistance probably stems from multiple factors: Many pest species produce large numbers of offspring, for example insect pests produce large broods. This increases the probability of mutations and ensures the rapid expansion of resistant populations. Pest species had been exposed to natural toxins long before agriculture began Consequently, pesticide resistance can perpetuate the cycle of hunger in more ways than one. Development of Pesticide Resistance. While pesticides are useful for controlling weeds, blights and pests, the benefits of an increase in crop productivity can be negated by a failure to use pesticides correctly. When similar pesticides are used.

Pesticide resistance is not evidence of evolution. by David Catchpoole. First published: 20 August 2009 (GMT+10) Re-featured on homepage: 17 March 2021 (GMT+10) aeroimagenes.com Since aerial application of pesticides (crop dusting) first began in the 1920s, there have been tremendous improvements in knowledge, technology and safety. However, irrespective of the application method used. Traditional, pesticide-based methods of vector control have become increasingly ineffective due to the evolution of pesticide resistance among vectors, reduction in vector control programs, societal resistance to the use of toxic and sometimes persistent chemicals, and increases in global travel, among other factors (Blair et al., 2000; Gubler. Resistance may develop to only a single insecticide. However, it is more common for insects that exhibit resistance to one insecticide to be resistant (or develop resistance more rapidly) to other insecticides with the same MOA. A classic example is the house fly Source: Parts modified from Some Principles of Fungicide Resistance (PPFS-MISC-02) by Paul Vincelli, University of Kentucky Extension Plant Pathologist . Pesticide resistance presents an increasing challenge to growers. A resistant pest is one that is no longer controlled by a pesticide that has been effective in the past. Using the highest labeled rate and the minimum waiting period between. Pesticide resistance: insect and mite pests. Resistance is the genetic ability of some individuals in an arthropod (insect or mite) pest population to survive an application or applications of pesticides (insecticides or miticides). In other words, the pesticide (s) no longer effectively kills a high number or percent (>90%) of.

Pesticide resistance is increasi ng in occurrence. In the 1940s, fa rmers in the USA lost 7% of their crops to pests, while since the 1980s, the percentage lost has increased to 13, even though more pesticides are being used (PBS, 2001). Over 500 species of pests have developed a resistance to a pesticide (Anonymous, 2007) In the area of pesticide resistance, the only well-developed application of biotechnology is for three different classes of herbi- cides. The sulfonylurea herbicides are presented as an example of the role and potential of biotechnology in any pesticide resistance case Pesticides can be used to control a variety of pests, such as insects, weeds, rodents, bacteria, fungi, etc. Over time many pesticides have gradually lost their effectiveness because pests have developed resistance - a significant decrease in sensitivity to a pesticide, which reduces the field performance of these pesticides Pesticide resistance can become a problem when the same chemicals are used over and over to control a particular pest. After a period, the pest may develop resistance to a chemical so that the chemical no longer effectively controls the pest at the same rate, and higher rates and more frequent applications become necessary until eventually the chemical provides little or no control

For the Discussion, you learn about the evolving enemies known as pesticide and antibiotic resistance and propose a strategy for addressing one specific resistance example. You may consider your personal knowledge or experience regarding pesticide or antibiotic resistance. For example, you may be aware of a news story about a troublesome insect. Pesticide resistance is the adaptation of pest populations to the treatment of a pesticide which results in a decreased susceptibility. The idea of Insecticide Resistance Management (IRM) is considered to have a current emphasis, yet the concept was described as long ago as 1914 by A. L Pigweed. One of the best examples of a weed that has readily developed resistance to herbicides such as the triazines is the pigweeds. In 1979, triazine-resistant pigweed was found along railroad right-of-ways from Nebraska to Washington. Another example is kochia and by 1981, commercial applicators and growers were reporting field infestations.

This resistance can be viewed as evolution of a new trait at the population level, which is resistance to an antibiotic or to a pesticide. you will explore specific examples of antibiotic or pesticide resistance. Answer the following. 1.Select and describe one example of antibiotic resistance or pesticide resistance. Be specific in your choice Pesticide resistance is also manifested worldwide in rats species that during history have come to be associated with empty granaries and the bubonic plague. The problem of resistance to pesticides has been the subject of several recent reviews (Dekker and Georgopoulos, 1982; LeBaron and Gressel, 19821 In 1984 there were 1797 cases of resistance in arthropods (including all species and all insecticides), and by 1991, resistance to at least one insecticide had been recorded for 504 species (Georghiou 1986, Georghiou & Lagunes-Tejada 1991). A population may develop cross resistance to several closely related chemicals, in the absence of.

1. Is the example of pesticide resistance among deer ticks microevolution or macroevolution? Support your answer: 2. In the information given on the first page, what hypothetically caused the existence of pesticide resistant ticks? 3. Explain how this example of pesticide resistance in ticks is an example of biological evolution: 4 A key element of effective resistance management is the use of alternations, rotations, or sequences of different insecticide MoA classes. Users should avoid selecting for resistance or cross-resistance by repeated use within the crop cycle, or year after year, of the same insecticide or related products in the same MoA class

Furthermore, pesticide resistance is a key example of evolution in action, with rapid evolution under novel selective pressures (Palumbi, 2001), and has the potential to contribute to fundamental understanding of general evolutionary processes are now many examples of pests, pathogens, and weeds that have responded by developing resistance to one or more pesticides. Pesticide-resistant individuals are those that have developed the ability to tolerate doses of a toxicant that would be lethal to the majority of individuals. The resistance mechanisms can vary according to pest specie

Agriculture & pesticidesIntroduction to Pesticide Resistance – Pesticide

What is Pesticide Resistance? Page 1 of 0 SNS Blo

  1. Resistance can only develop in pest populations where there is the genetic potential to resist the pesticide. Normally, only extremely low numbers of resistant individuals are present: perhaps many fewer than 1 in
  2. Pesticide resistance in this age of vector-borne disease can hamper the ability of public health officials to successfully control threats. Potential resistance may also lead to the reemergence of several diseases that would have been otherwise contained through control measures Brogdon 1998.Current resistance in select mosquito populations may be the result of historical insecticide use in.
  3. •Cross resistance: resistance to 2 or more pesticides that share the same mode of action. -Dotted duckweed (Landoltia punctata) -Diquat and paraquat (WSSA Group 22) •Multiple resistance: resistance to 2 or more pesticides with different modes of action. -Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) -Imazapic and glyphosate (WSSA Groups 2 and 9
  4. The problem of pesticide resistance is a tremendously troubling one to those who work in the field of pest management. A natural response is to use greater amounts of the pesticide in hopes of killing off the lingering pests. This, however, has been shown to be a highly ineffective route, as additional pesticides of the same class just help the.
  5. Tank mixing different pesticides can be a tempting way to save passes across a field, but the practice can sometimes weaken the efficacy of individual ingredients and encourage resistance, some of.
  6. Pesticide resistance, a growing problem. Sustainability. Pesticide resistance is a brand new phenomenon, historically speaking. It was first reported in 1914, just a century ago. A result of chemical, and later biotechnological methods of pest control. And now already, pesticide resistance has evolved into an almost unsolvable problem
  7. Repeated use of the same class of pesticides to control a pest can cause undesirable changes in the gene pool of a pest leading to another form of artificial selection, pesticide resistance. When a pesticide is first used, a small proportion of the pest population may survive exposure to the material due to their distinct genetic makeup

Pesticide resistance, the ability of an organism to withstand a poison, is a predictable consequence of repeated pesticide use. How quickly pesticide resistance develops depends on: the frequency of use, the mechanisms of resistance, the genetics of the resistance mechanism, the size of the gene pool and how quickly the organisms reproduce Mitigate Pesticide Resistance. Several questions come to the mind of crop protection professionals as they ready to transverse a given field and scout for potential threats to a crop. Whether it is a field of sweet corn, a block of crisp leafy greens, rows of seedlings just emerging or transplants flowering, the history of previous observations. Pest resistance problems are difficult to resolve because the development of pesticide formulas with new modes of action is extremely expensive and complex (NRC, 1986). In the past, the direct costs of pest control soared for farmers who continually applied increasing amounts of pesticides or changed to new, more expensive substances

Introduction to Pesticide Resistance - Pesticide

  1. Pesticide resistance, herbicide resistance, and antibiotic resistance are all examples of microevolution by natural selection. The enterococci bacteria, shown here, have evolved a resistance to several kinds of antibiotics. Sparrow map adapted from Gould, S.J & Johnston, R.F. (1972) Geographic Variation
  2. on several aspects of resistance evolution and management. Pesticide treadmill is a commonly used phrase that describes a repeating cycle in which pests (weeds, insects, pathogens) evolve resistance to management strategies, necessitating the use of higher rates of pesticides and/or alternative pesticides or management methods
  3. Evolving resistance Science has documented many examples of the evolution of resistance — of pests to pesticides, weeds to herbicides, and pathogens to medicines — all of which are cases of microevolution by natural selection
  4. Mixing pesticides with different modes of action will be helpful in mitigating the development of resistance. Plant pathogens . The use of pesticide mixtures (tank mixes) to reduce the possibility of resistance developing in fungal and bacterial plant pathogen populations is well established in ornamental disease control
  5. Later, in 1992, the WHO defined resistance in arthropods as, an inherited characteristic that imparts an increased tolerance to a pesticide, or group of pesticides, such that the resistant individuals survive a concentration of the compound(s) that would normally be lethal to the species. Even this latter definition is problematic because.
  6. Evolved resistance. The final problem is, in many ways, the most serious one of all. Even before the advent of the organics, occasional examples of resistance to an insecticide had been found. For instance, A. L. Melander in 1914 showed that scale insects demonstrated resistance to lime-sulphur sprays
  7. • annex 2 provides Internet links to real-life examples of resistance management plans. These guidelines focus on the management of resistance to chemical pesticides in agriculture (including in transgenic crops), in insects, weeds, fungal diseases, and rodents

Pesticide Resistance - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

These examples show that insects can develop resistance to biopesticides in a manner somewhat similar to chemical pesticides, but due to the typically more complex and multiple modes of action, at a significantly lesser rate depending on the kind of botanical compound or microorganism involved The role of Bt eggplant in reducing pesticide use . Host plant resistance to key pests is the foundation of integrated pest management (IPM)6. Despite decades of evaluating plant material and breeding, no eggplant has been found that provides high levels of resistance to EFSB7 2. Pesticide Registration and Safety. Pesticide registration is a scientifically-based, legal, and also administrative process, where a wide variety of effects associated with the use of a pesticide product and its potential effect on human health and the environment is assessed [27-29].The registration is an important step in the management of pesticides as it enables authorities primarily. • Pesticide resistance is an example of natural selection because the insects who survive the initial use due to a gene that enable them to resist the attack pass on the gene for pesticide resistance to their offspring. In each generation, the percentage of pesticide resistant insects increases Pesticides are extensively used in modern agriculture and are an effective and economical way to enhance the yield quality and quantity, thus ensuring food security for the ever-growing population around the globe. Approximately, 2 million tonnes of pesticides are utilized annually worldwide, where China is the major contributing country, followed by the USA and Argentina, which is increasing.

CDC bottle bioassay can be used as part of a broader insecticide resistance monitoring program, which may include the World Health Organization (WHO) paper-based bioassay, and biochemical and molecular methods. The CDC bottle bioassay can be used for any insect species. For the purposes of this guideline, mosquitoes will be used as an example. 2 Although efforts are If we are to address this recalcitrant issue of to higher or lower application concentrations being made to develop new insecticides aimed pesticide resistance, we must treat it as a wicked of a pesticide [e.g., 16, 17]. at mosquitoes (8), it is not clear that the new problem, in the sense that there are social, eco. pesticide resistance include the following: 1) Rotating pesticides so that a single population of insects is not constantly bombarded with the same chemicals, 2) Using mixtures of chemicals, because the mutant insects that can survive one pesticide are unlikely to also survive the second or third pesticide, 3) Spot spraying, o biorational pesticides and its relationship to FQPA. How does using the least toxic material, reduce environmental problems associated with pesticide use? How does rotating with pesticides of different modes of action reduce problems with pesticide resistance. Know that the ability of different pesticides to attack different part For example, an Italian ryegrass biotype (a group of organisms having the same genotype) in Idaho is resistant to herbicides in at least three different groups: 1, 2, and 15. This is called multiple resistance. Herbicide resistance should not be confused with the natural herbicide tolerance that some species have

The development of antibiotic and pesticide resistance is often presented as a modern example of evolution by mutations and as clear evidence for Darwinism. A literature review found that most examples of the acquisition of resistance are not due to mutations, but in nearly all cases are a result of complex, built-in genetic and molecular. Bt approach is one example where genetic manipulation is used for pest resistance. Genes encoding for the cry proteins with pesticide activity of Bacillus thuringiensis bacterium is incorporated into plant genomes as in cotton. Bt genes in plant genome produces cry proteins and develop a self-defense mechanism against pests Pesticide resistance is an example of natural selection because the insects who survive the initial use due to a gene that enable them to resist the attack pass on the gene for pesticide resistance to their offspring. In each generation, the percentage of pesticide resistant insects increases

Evolution: Library: Pesticide Resistanc

  1. pesticide resistance. Assignment details: After reading materials about evolution and about antibiotic and pesticide resistance in the text, the Course Materials, the AIU Online Library and / or the Internet, answer the following. 1.Select and describe one example of antibiotic resistance or pesticide resistance
  2. ating the natural enemies that previously held them in check
  3. Pesticides include both insecticides and herbicides. Backers of GMOs point to the example of crops containing new genes that fight off insect pests, so farmers don't have to spray insecticides

This resistance can be viewed as evolution of a new trait at the population level, which is resistance to an antibiotic or to a pesticide. In this assignment, you will explore specific examples of antibiotic or pesticide resistance The use of pesticides for the control of pests of cattle other than ticks can affect the incidence of tick resistance and tick-borne diseases. Simple analytical models of tick- and tsetse-borne diseases suggest that reducing the abundance of ticks, by treating cattle with pyrethroids for example, can have a variety of effects on tick-borne. applying pesticides, all of which could expose your hands to chemicals. Using the right gloves is essential because the majority of pesticide exposure occurs through the skin. Chemical-resistant gloves are one of the most import-ant pieces of personal protective equipment (PPE). Most pesticide labels list minimum requirements for persona

Pesticide resistance - Wikipedi

Integrated pest management. There are ways to use pesticides alongside other measures to improve safety and efficacy. Integrated pest management (IPM) is an environmentally sensitive way of managing pests. Learn about IPM, and read some case studies with examples of how it can be used. IPM practices include. forward planning. regular monitoring The evolution of greater pesticide resistance in an insect population in response to the application of a chemical pesticide treatment is an example of: directional selection. sexual selection. disruptive selection. genetic drift. stabilizing selectio Examples. Resistance has developed in a variety of different pest species: The first known case of pesticide resistance occurred with DDT in Sweden in 1946 shortly after the chemical was first used. In the US, studies have shown that fruit flies that infest orange groves were becoming resistant to malathion, a pesticide used to kill them

For example, some instances of poor pesticide performance, initially attributed to pest resistance, have proved to be caused by a breakdown of the pesticide by soil microorganisms or high pH of spray water or by poor pesticide application procedures resistance as there are pesticide products, but a good working definition that we will use here is: Resistance occurs when pests survive doses of the pesticide which would normally be lethal. This is due to a genetic change in the pest population that is caused by exposure to pesticides. Table 2. Number of resistant pes Pesticide resistance can be described as a heritable and significant decrease in the sensitivity ofa pest population to a pesticide. Resistance reduces the field performance of pesticides. Pests include, among other things, insects, mites, weeds, fungi and bacteria. Managing the evolution of pesticide resistance is an important part of.

The Role of Pesticide Resistance in Food Shortages - BORGE

  1. Examples of insecticide resistance Table 2 lists the main mechanisms of resistance within key pest populations, however, not all resistance mechanisms are necessarily known. Table 2. Examples of insecticide resistance Pest species Resistance mechanism (if recorded) IRAC mode of action code and chemical sub group Example active ingredient
  2. If an arthropod develops resistance to one pesticide, it has a gene that may allow it to be resistant to another closely related pesticide, or in some cases to one that is not so closely related, even if the population has not yet been exposed to to that second pesticide. This is cross-resistance. For example, insects that become resistant to on
  3. g Practices Randy Oliver ScientificBeekeeping.com First Published in ABJ, April 2019 Although I've heard some activists call for a ban on all pesticides, the hard fact is that production agriculture, whether conventional or organic, will for the foreseeable future depend upon the application of plant [
  4. The Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) and Fungicide Resistance Action Committee (FRAC) classify pesticides which share similar modes of action into groups. For example, both Assail and Admire are in the same insecticide group (Group 4A)
  5. population resistance to 2 or more pesticides within the same mode of action. multiple resistance. pests resistant to 2 or more pesticides within different modes of action from different chemical families. slower. weeds are much _____ at developing resistance. factors in slower resistance
  6. Pesticide resistance needs attention, large-scale study. by North Carolina State University. For new answers to the problems of increased pesticide resistance, landscape-level study is needed, NC.

Pesticide resistance and evolution - creation

  1. g PBS website for example, the di
  2. Of the following two situations, one or both is an example of natural selection in action. a. List the steps of natural selection. b. For each scenario, identify the elements matching the steps of natural selection. c. For each scenario, decide whether or not it is an example of natural selection and justify your answer. Scenario
  3. Chemical-resistance category listed on label Pesticide labels that list examples of PPE materials wUJ often also specify a chemical-resistance category (A through H) for the product. This allows you to consult an EPA chemical-resistance chart (such as the one in this brochure) to learn whether you have PPE material options other than those.
The Tragedy of the Commons Explained in One Minute - YouTube

Pesticide resistance is increasing. Farmers in the USA lost 7% of their crops to pests in the 1940s; over the 1980s and 1990s, the loss was 13%, even though more pesticides were being used. Over 500 species of pests have evolved a resistance to a pesticide. Other sources estimate the number to be around 1000 species since 1945 Insect resistance to pesticides is an example of natural selection. Insects that are the most resistant to pesticides survive. Their offsprings inherit the genetic changes responsible for the. active ingredients, along with corresponding examples of their trade names, is also provided. Fungicide-resistant plant pathogens are not new. Although the first confirmation of fungicide resistance was in 1960, there were few subsequent occurrences until 1970. Since then, fungicide resistance has not been infrequent, espe

Two research articles on pesticides in cambodia 2011 02 28

By keeping in view the above examples we can conclude that in the use of allelochemicals in the pest control can be a good practices in the coming decades as the concerns are rising about the environmental degradation and pesticide resistance due to the unjudisous use of the pesticides Before using pesticides, obtain the proper training. See section on pesticide licensing. Delaying Pesticide Resistance. To use fewer pesticides, it is important that pesticides, when used, are effective at killing pests. Pests can become resistant to pesticides making the pesticide ineffective for management

Chemical Compatibility | Cynergy3

Resistance. How do insects become resistant to pesticide? Insects are known for their ability to develop resistance to insecticides. Currently there are insects resistant to every synthetic chemical insecticide used. There are many factors to developing resistance. In a population of insects there may be a few individuals that carry the genes. Pesticide resistance is a growing problem for farmers all over the world, and also in Denmark. Pesticide resistance in weeds, insects and fungi is seen more and more frequently in the fields, where the usual remedies no longer apply. but we have seen many examples of resistance to them abroad, especially in peach aphids and grain aphids. For example, more than 95 percent of all pesticide exposures come from dermal exposure, primarily to the hands and forearms. By wearing a pair of unlined, chemical-resistant gloves, this type of exposure can be nearly eliminated Insecticide Resistance in Hyalella azteca. While pesticide resistance has been heavily documented in target pest species, few studies have investigated the evolution of resistance in non-target arthropods. We have detected one of the first examples of pyrethroid pesticide resistance in a non-target arthropod, the amphipod Hyalella azteca

An example of microevolution is the evolution of mosquitoes that cannot be killed by pesticides, called pesticide-resistant mosquitoes. Imagine that you have a pesticide that kills most of the mosquitoes in your state. Through a random mutation, some of the mosquitoes have resistance to the pesticide How toxic a pesticide is to humans is a complicated determination that must include several immediate acute effects and multiple long-term chronic effects. Due to the difficulty of actually identifying and quantifying these effects, it is a good idea to limit exposure to pesticides of all kinds Have students bring an example -- written or visual -- of a pesticide or means of pest control used in their household. These can include sprays, traps, bait, etc. Have students share and discuss more natural means of pest management in the home and why pest management is necessary. To view a print version of the primary sources, click here

Introduction to Insecticide Resistance - Pesticide

Adaptive Release of Natural Enemies in a Pest-Natural Enemy System with Pesticide Resistance By Robert Cheke and Sanyi Tang An integrated pest management model with delayed responses to pesticide applications and its threshold dynamic This is just one example of a pesticide which has caused pollution; there are literally hundreds of examples if you search PAN's database. Sponsored links Pesticide resistance. There are fears (and some evidence) that through natural selection, some pests may eventually become quite resistant to pesticides A pesticide is any substance used to kill, repel, or control certain forms of plant or animal life that are considered to be pests. Pesticides include herbicides for destroying weeds and other unwanted vegetation, insecticides for controlling a wide variety of insects, fungicides used to prevent the growth of molds and mildew, disinfectants for preventing the spread of bacteria, and compounds.

Managing Pesticide Resistance -- Kentucky Pesticide Safety

Better understanding of pesticide resistance is needed to devise techniques for managing resistance (Le. , slowing, preventing, or reversing development of resistance in pests and promoting it in beneficial natural enemies). At the same time, resistance is a dramatic example of evolution Resistance management is a strategy designed to preserve or sustain pesticide effectiveness. Although the concept of resistance usually is associated with arthropod (insect and mite) pests, there are a number of plant pathogens that have demonstrated resistance (e.g., Botrytis cinerea or gray mold) to certain fungicide classes. In addition. Persistence, or the length of time a pesticide remains effective or toxic, is listed next and is categorized as short (days), intermediate (up to 6 weeks), or long (months). Resistance information is included in instances where it has been observed in either the pest or natural enemy Biochemical and molecular analyses to determine pyrethroid resistance in Aedes aegypti. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 107 266-276. 57: Stalinski, R., Tetreau, G., Gaude, T., and Despres, L. (2014). Pre-selecting resistance against individual Bti Cry toxins facilitates the development of resistance to the Bti toxins cocktail

What is pesticide resistance? - Greenhouse Managemen

Pesticide use should be regulated in a way that will limit development of herbicide and insecticide resistance in their target organisms. This can help prevent an increase in the amount and toxicity of pesticides used. Making sure that farmers are aware of the best ways to limit unwanted pesticide resistance will also be essential When a pesticide is applied to a crop or treatment site, a tiny proportion of the pest population (for example, one insect or weed in 10 million) may survive exposure to the pesticide due to its genetic makeup. When the pests that survive breed, some of their young will inherit the genetic trait that confers resistance to the pesticide.

How Pesticide Resistance Develops - Cherrie

There are now many examples of pests, pathogens, and weeds that have responded by developing resistance to one or more pesticides. Pesticide-resistant individuals are those that have developed the ability to tolerate doses of a toxicant that would be lethal to the majority of individuals. The resistance mechanisms can vary according to pest. o How resistance is related to natural selection o The impact that different forms of resistance may have on human health You may consider your personal knowledge or experience regarding pesticide or antibiotic resistance. For example, you may be aware of a news story about a troublesome insect that is difficult to control with pesticides Pesticide Resistance Resistance is the ability of some individuals in an arthro-pod pest population to survive an application of a pesticide. When resistance develops, the pesticide no longer kills a sufficient number or percent (>90%) of targeted individu-als to prevent plant damage. Resistance develops at th Resistance to antimicrobials and pesticides — collectively, biocides — undermines human health and food production. This Review assesses options for governing and promoting susceptibility to. o The impact that different forms of resistance may have on human health • You may consider your personal knowledge or experience regarding pesticide or antibiotic resistance. For example, you may be aware of a news story about a troublesome insect that is difficult to control with pesticides

Biotechnology in Pesticide Resistance Development

The synthetic pesticide DDT was widely used in urban aerial sprays to control urban mosquito, gypsy moth, Japanese beetle and other insects in the 1940's. By 1972, DDT was banned from the United States due to widespread development of resistance to DDT and evidence that DDT use was increasing preterm births and also harming the environment. Active ingredients are the chemicals in pesticide products that kill, control, or repel pests. For example, the active ingredients in an herbicide are the ingredient (s) that kill weeds. Often, the active ingredients make up a small portion of the whole product. A product label includes the name of each active ingredient and its concentration.

Slowing and Combating Pest Resistance to Pesticides US EP

Evolution of Antibiotic or Pesticide Resistanc

Insecticide Resistance Management Strategies IRM IRA

Single Gene TraitFirst Confirmed Herbicide-Resistant Waterhemp Found inHeritability: what it means and why it’s important – ScIU